History of  “The Teaching of Buddha”

This Buddhist text was compiled and revised on the basis of the Japanese edition of the Newly Translated Buddhist Text published in July, 1925, by the Association for Distributing the “Newly Translated Buddhist Text” headed by Rev. Muan Kizu. This first Japanese Edition was compiled by Prof. Shūaku Yamabe and Prof. Chizen Akanuma, in cooperation with many Buddhist scholars in Japan, taking almost five years to publish.

In the Shōwa Era (1926-1989), the Popular Edition of the Newly Translated Buddhist Text in Japanese was also published by the Association and distributed widely throughout Japan.

In July, 1934, when the Pan-Pacific Buddhist Youth Meeting was held in Japan, The Teaching of Buddha, the English translation of the above Popular Edition of Buddhist Text was published by the All Japan Buddhist Youth Federation, with the assistance of Mr. D. Goddard, as one of its works. In 1962, commemorating the 70th anniversary of the introduction of Buddhism to America, the Rev. Dr. Yehan Numata, founder of the Mitutoyo Corporation, published an English edition of The Teaching of Buddha.

In 1965, when the Rev. Dr. Numata founded Bukkyo Dendo Kyokai (Society for the Promotion of Buddhism) in Tokyo, the popularization of this English text throughout the world was planned as one of the activities of the Foundation.

In order to realize this plan, a committee to revise this Teaching of Buddha was organized in 1966. Members of the committee were Professors Kazuyoshi Kino, Shūyū Kanaoka, Zennō Ishigami, Shinkō Sayeki, Kōdō Matsunami, Shōjun Bandō and Takemi Takase. Prof. Fumio Masutani, Mr. N. A. Waddell, and Mr. Toshisuke Shimizu also worked on the revision. Thus, an English-Japanese edition of The Teaching of Buddha was published using contemporary language verbiage.

In 1972, on the basis of this English-Japanese edition, Professors Shūyū Kanaoka, Zennō Ishigami, Shōyū Hanayama, Kwansei Tamura, and Takemi Takase undertook the compilation of an updated English version, which was published in the same year.

Next, a committee consisting of Professors Ryōatsu Shioiri, Takemi Takase, Hiroshi Tachikawa, Kwansei Tamura, Shōjun Bandō and Shōyū Hanayama (Editor in Chief) was organized to recompile the Japanese version of The Teaching of Buddha, and this was published in 1973.

Again, in 1974, a committee consisting of Professors Kōdō Matsunami, Shōjun Bandō, Shinkō Sayeki, Dōyū Tokunaga, Kwansei Tamura, and Shōyū Hanayama (Editor in Chief) was organized to recompile the English version of The Teaching of Buddha, which they did in cooperation with Mr. Richard R. Steiner. This was combined with the Japanese version (published in 1973), resulting in the publication of a revised version of the English-Japanese edition of The Teaching of Buddha.

In 1978 Professors Shigeo Kamata and Yasuaki Nara joined the committee. In 2001, Professors Kenneth Tanaka, Shōgo Watanabe, Yoshiyasu Yonezawa, and Sengaku Mayeda (Acting Editor-in-Chief), joined the editorial committee.

Then in 2013, the Society for the Promotion of Buddhism (the Buddhist Promoting Society) changed its organizational status from "Incorporated Foundation" to "Public Interest Incorporated Foundation." On the occasion of this change, the editorial committee membership was reconstituted with Professors Sengaku Mayeda (Editor-in-Chief), Zennō Ishigami, Kiyotaka Kimura, Kenneth Tanaka, Makio Takemura, Yasuaki Nara, Chizuko Yoshimizu, Yoshiyasu Yonezawa, and Shōgo Watanabe. The committee meets annually to strive toward making The Teaching of Buddha respond to the needs of contemporary society.

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